This article was originally written by Mansi Gupta
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Finally another strenuous day prowls to its end…hefty eyes die to shut down and do not reopen till they bask in the fairytale world, for when we live the rituals of the day, why not terminate with the custom of the night…a wonderful sleep! But seldom it happens that you get absorbed in the sleep that seems as enigmatic as the hoary mummies in Egypt, for today seven out of ten people suffer from sleeping disorders consciously or unconsciously. The sleep chaos can be minor, slight objectionable like restless leg syndrome to major nagged ones such as snoring, kicking and insomnia etc.
An individual’s mental as well as physical condition is accountable for the sleeping chaos. Acute stress and agitating perennial thoughts or brooding mind are primary psychotic reasons; illness, aching or wounded body produce physical disturbance in sleep. Generally, people confronting regular limb (hip, knee, toe and the like) movement problems are the ones who suffer from disorders like restless leg syndrome.
The article takes a look at some regularly visible slumber difficulties, their causes, effects and cures.
Insomnia is a paradigm sleeping disorder. It is the name given to lack of sleep at night, often followed by walking in a semi-conscious state and feeling tired. Though the insomniac feels soporific yet sleep does not blanket him.
Insomnia is related to fretfulness, depression and learning disorders as its causes. One major factor behind broken sleep is the deficiency of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep or the period of sleep when the brain is working-dream sleep. Disturbed cycles of REM signify unstable naturally working metabolism of the body, which in turn indicates a distorted sleep along with uneasiness throughout the day.
It is not the case that only the person who is suffering from a slumber upset is only troubled by it but the one sharing his bed is even bereaved of a sound sleep. Sleep Apnea is one amongst such sleeping disorders that fetches enormous problems for the patient’s partner. This is because the patient starts feeling irritated and tired while sleeping, does loud snoring and ceases to breathe for quite a few seconds after which he resumes his breath. The amount of this uneasiness is quite disturbing for the one who is sleeping next to the patient.
Throat collapsing while sleeping, blocked airways and unavailability of the breathing command by the brain are some of the universally accepted causes behind sleep apnea. Besides these extra weight or obesity is an impediment in breathing, stoutness thus is another factor that contributes to the development of sleep apnea.
Another threatening disorder that is known for the person’s performing activities viz. brushing his teeth, sleep paralysis, horrifying dreams and wakefulness amidst sleepiness is Narcolepsy. In case left untreated, Narcolepsy can worsen with time and lead to serious repercussions.
Slumber disorders can be treated with medicines and several other psychotic therapies. The foremost category of medicines to treat slumber disorders are dopaminergic drugs. Dopamine is a chemical made in the brain, it aids in the transfer of messages from brain cells to other brain cells and in locomotion of the body. Benzodiaepines and Opioids are subsequent types of drugs. Some of the largely prescribed medicines are Ambein, Sonata and Lunesta. Apart from the medicines a change in lifestyle is also extremely beneficial and wonderful idea. Conjoined with many other things, the change should specially include inculcating healthy eating habits and avoiding stress.