How To Hang Your Billiard Lights

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Billiard lights give your game room the professional look. Whether they are stained glass or a classic solid color, they top off the decorating aspect of your room. We all know that these lights are to be hung over top of your pool table, but how low do they hang? What’s the best way to hang them? I have answers to these questions and more…read on!

The first thing we need to discuss is how low to the table these lights are supposed to hang. The first thing you need to do…

Guest post today from Active Paving – Dublin patio specialistsfor many years.

game room pool table lamps, pool tables

Billiard lights give your game room the professional look. Whether they are stained glass or a classic solid color, they top off the decorating aspect of your room. We all know that these lights are to be hung over top of your pool table, but how low do they hang? What’s the best way to hang them? I have answers to these questions and more…read on!

The first thing we need to discuss is how low to the table these lights are supposed to hang. The first thing you need to do is decide where you want your pool table. Once you have it in the spot you know you want it, you can then begin the light installation. The light should hang 34 inches from the table. This measurement is taken from the table surface to the brim of the light. This is, of course, the minimum height requirement. You have the freedom to make the light higher if you wish, but keep in mind that the light is meant for the table, not the room.

Another common question is “what size fixture do I need?”. This all depends on the size of your table. If you have a 7 foot table, a 2 lamp fixture would be adequate. If you have an 8 foot table, you would generally use a 3 lamp fixture gameroompimps/Game-Room-Pool-Table-Lamps.html. Tables larger than 8 feet should definitely have 4 or more lamp shades on the lighting fixture. With pool table accessories, it’s always important to take the size of the table into account before purchasing.

All billiard lights should come with installation instructions and the correct hardware. Usually, this would include a hanging chain and ceiling mounts. It’s a pretty simple set up, you just need to be careful not to damage the lamp shades. Depending on the size and style of billiard light, they can be pretty heavy.

Bulbs for billiard lights are also something to consider. Never use standard household light bulbs! These bulbs tend to generate more heat and in turn, can severely damage your shades. The type of bulb usually depends on the type of light you buy. This information should be included in the instructions that come with it. One bulb that can be recommended for any pool light fixture is a G-40 frosted bulb 100 watt maximum. These look a lot nicer in your game room since they don’t give off the blinding light a normal bulb does.

If you are looking for more information about game room pool table lamps or wanted to see different styles, please visit our website.

Nation Branding and Place Marketing – IV. The Place

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Some countries are geographically disadvantaged. Recent studies have demonstrated how being landlocked or having a tropical climate carry a hefty price tag in terms of reduced economic growth. These unfavorable circumstances can be described as “natural discounts” to a country’s price.

IV. The Place

Some countries are geographically disadvantaged. Recent studies have demonstrated how being landlocked or having a tropical climate carry a hefty price tag in terms of reduced economic growth. These unfavorable circumstances can be described as “natural discounts” to a country’s price.

What can be done to overcome such negative factor endowments?

In classical microeconomics, the element of “place” in the marketing plan used to refer to the locus of delivery of the product or service. Well into the 19th century, the “place” was identical to the region where the product was manufactured or the service rendered. In other words, textiles weaved in India were rarely sold in Britain. American accountants were unlikely to practice in Russia. Distribution was a local affair and networks of dissemination and marketing were geographically confined.

A host of historical and technological developments drastically altered the scene and frayed the straitjacket of geography.

The violent disintegration of the old system of geopolitical alliances led to the formation of massive, multiplayer trading blocs within which and among which the movement of goods and, increasingly, services is friction-free.

The vast increase in the world’s population – matched by the exponential rise in purchasing power – created a global marketplace of unprecedented wealth and a corresponding hunger for goods and services. The triumph of liberal capitalism compounded this beneficial effect.

The advent of mass media, mass transport, and mass communications reduced transaction costs and barriers to entry. The world shrank to become a veritable “global village”.

The value of knowledge (processed information) has fast risen to surpass that of classical (physical) goods and services. Information has some of the properties of a public good (for instance, nonrivalry) – coupled with all the incentives of a private good (e.g., profit-making).

Thus, the very nature of distribution had been irrevocably changed. The distribution channel, the path from producer to consumer (in our case, from country to foreign investor or tourist, for example) is less encumbered by topography than it used to be.

Even the poorest, most remote, landlocked, arid, and disadvantaged country can nowadays leverage air flight, the Internet, television, cell phones, and other miracles of technology to promote itself and its unique offerings (knowledge, plant and animal species, scenery, history, minerals, cheap and educated manpower, cuisine, textiles, software, and so on).

The key to success is in a mix of both direct and indirect marketing. Nowadays, countries can (and do) appeal directly to consumers (ads targeted at tourists or road shows aimed at investors). They present themselves and what they have to offer, circumventing brokers and agents of all kinds (disintermediation). Still, they should not fail to cultivate more traditional marketing channels such as investment banks, travel agents, multilateral organizations, or trade associations.

With many of the physical obstacles to marketing removed in the last few decades, with the very concept of “place” rendered obsolete, promotion emerged as the most critical facet of nation branding and place marketing.

Roofing Companies

By the way, if you’re looking for roofers in Dublin, check out Ace Roofing – they sponsor this blog!
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Roofing Companies

If you’re seriously thinking about renovating or repairing your rooftop, or still in the construction stage, then it’s highly important for you to hoard some relevant articles on selecting dependable roofing companies. You roof contractors should be chosen conscientiously. You should not greatly rely on the claims many companies make in their publicity stunts because most of them are just cheap talk.

Before any hasty decisions, you have to know all the tough roofing company players the market today. Be ready to expect countless competitive proposals and bids. However, it would be advisable to go for the fairly new roofing companies since they usually charge a lot cheaper and provide some special offers.
It is also a very good idea to avoid roofing companies that do not offer reasonable warranties. Most of the time, long warranties would equal to higher price, but you have to keep in mind the considerable amount of money you will probably save by choosing quality service. When your roof starts to fail, you would certainly be grateful to have gone an extra mile.
Most roofing companies have their own area of expertise. Choose the company that has a considerable amount of experience with the type of material you want for your roof. Never solely rely on advertising propagandas; it’s usually more dependable to look into their portfolios. This is the excellent tool that you have at your disposal in properly assessing a contractor’s expertise. Roofing companies that offer a longer warranty is usually a reliable indicator.
The cost is of course is should also be one of your primary concern. There are usually two types of services roofing companies offer: one with the fee where the contractors supply the building materials or the one where you will have to provide the materials needed for the construction. The former would be much preferable since it more or less presents you an accurate estimate of the total cost of the project. The latter is also favorable since you will be able to handpick the roofing materials that you personally like. Communicating with your roofing contractor is very important so you will not be caught by surprise by all the incurred expenses. You should be knowledgeable with the costs of roofs since there are certainly some types that are more expensive. A prior research would greatly prove to be very valuable in the long run.
You should also take into consideration the time frame required to finish the roofing project. Never agree to pay your contractor in terms of the time it took to build the roof. They would predictably drag it to a longer span of time to acquire a higher pay. It is absolutely best to get a flat fee, and you will be rest assured the contractor would finish the building right on schedule or even earlier.
As a final point, when searching for a roofing contractor, it is sensible to compare notes with your friends. They will probably give you valuable advises that can save you a lot of time and resources.

Nation Branding and Place Marketing – III. The Price

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A product’s price reflects the shifting balance between supply and demand (scarcity) as well as the value of inputs, the product’s quality, and its image as conveyed and fostered by marketing and advertising campaigns (positioning). Price is, therefore, a packet of compressed information exchanged between prospective buyers and interested sellers.

III. The Price

A product’s price reflects the shifting balance between supply and demand (scarcity) as well as the value of inputs, the product’s quality, and its image as conveyed and fostered by marketing and advertising campaigns (positioning). Price is, therefore, a packet of compressed information exchanged between prospective buyers and interested sellers.

In principle, countries “price” themselves no differently.

But, first, we should see how the price mechanism comes into play in the global marketplace of sovereigns and their offerings.

The “price” of a country is comprised of two elements:

(i) The average (internal rate of) return on investments in its infrastructure, human capital, goods, and services – adjusted for (ii) The risks associated with doing business there.

The first component takes into account the costs of conducting business in the territory – everything from outlays on inputs to taxation. The second component considers the country’s political risk, volatility (as measured, for instance, by fluctuations in the prices of its financial assets and obligations), quality of governance, transparency or lack thereof, dysfunctional institutions, stability of policies and legislation, and other hazards.

A country should strive to maximize it price and, thus, create an aura of quality and prosperity. “Selling oneself cheap” communicates desperation and compromised standards. The way to attract investors, tourists, and other clients is to project a kind of “promised land” but without resorting to exaggerations, confabulations, or outright lies.

The message should be relayed both directly (though not obtrusively) and subtly (though not incomprehensibly or deviously). The country should enumerate and emphasize its natural and human endowments, capital stock and infrastructure, favorable tax and regulative regime, political stability, good governance, transparency, functioning institutions, and so on. It should also appear to be substantial, sophisticated, forward-looking, pleasant, welcoming and so forth.

As an increasing number of people around the world “buy” the country’s self-perception (where it stands now) and its vision (about its future) – its price keeps climbing and its value is enhanced.

It is much debated whether countries should engage in negative marketing and discount pricing. “Negative marketing” is the disparagement of sovereign competitors and their products and services which are comparable to the country’s own offerings or substitute for them. Discount pricing is the strategy of providing at a discount products and services identical to those offered by the country’s sovereign competitors.

An example of negative marketing would be to point to a neighboring country’s uneducated and expensive labor as a reason not to do business there. An example of discount pricing is to offer tax holidays and rent-free facilities to a relocating multinational.

From my experiences, both practices diminish the country’s perceived value and hence, its price. In the long run, the damage to its image far outweighs any dubious economic benefits engendered by these unsavory practices.

Still, some countries are geographically disadvantaged. Recent studies have shown that being landlocked or having a tropical climate carry a hefty price tag in terms of reduced economic growth. These unfavorable circumstances can be described as “natural discounts” to a country’s price.

What can be done to overcome such negative factor endowments?

Roofing Cleaning Products

By the way, if you’re looking for roofers in Dublin, check out Ace Roofing – they sponsor this blog!
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Roofing Cleaning Products

You just had your new roofing system installed and you felt so exhilarated. Or so you thought, because little did you know dirt and mildew are slowly accumulating, stains are showing too. This may warn you well that your roof needs cleaning the soonest possible time. Soap and water would be the cheapest resort but does not guarantee a total clean up. A quick info on roofing cleaning products would be helpful.

Roof Reviver is a cleaning agent that does not contain strong chemicals that can be damaging to your roof. In fact it is designed to protect your roof from further damage. Renowned shingle manufacturers, because of its proven efficacy, recommend it.

If you have rubber roofing, you will need a cleaning product that is specially designed for synthetic materials without destroying it. Dicor has a wide variety of roofing cleaning product line that is specially intended for roofing made of rubber material. One of which is Roof-Gard Rubber Roof Protectant, which can clean away oil-based dirt and grime while maintaining the moisture and the color of your rubber roof.

If you want a roofing cleaning products that are free from harmful ingredients, you can try Roof-Be-Clean. This cleaning agent focuses on protecting your roof from the damaging elements in the environment like weather. It takes away roof stains while preserving its luster and color. It is also made of environment-friendly components.

Stains, if not washed immediately can eventually rotten the roof. In order to prevent costly damaged to your roof you need a roof stain-protector. Zincshield can take away the stain off your roof. It also inhibits the growth of stain-forming contaminants. With this, you are assured that your roof is stain-free for a longer period of time. The earlier you treat the stain out from your roof the greater is your saving from future roof-restoration expenditures.

You can also try Dur-A-Shield cleaning products like their coatings, which are made to handle all the roof-destroying factors. It works well on any surfaces and materials. The coating is made to last under any harsh temperature. The color of your roof will not be damaged and the surfaces are not chipped off. In short, this product is roof- friendly and environmentally safe.

There are actually many approaches in dealing with a stained and grimed roof. If you are not up to replacing it with new one, then cleaning it up is the best thing to do. Using the right roofing cleaning products that are just right for your roof and just the right for your health might just be the key to restoring and preserving one of your priced possessions- your roof.

How To Grout Your Tile And Stone

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More and more homeowners are experiencing the satisfaction of repairing their tile and grout. The high cost of labor for even small jobs, has driven people to the stores looking for tile, materials, products and information.

This is GREAT! Why shouldn’t homeowners learn to tile and grout?

I’ve seen many new homes with completed ceramic tile jobs that have made the hair on the back of my neck stand up in fright … especially tract homes where the bottom line for the devel…

Guest post today from Active Paving – Dublin patio specialistsfor many years.

tile,grout,removal,repair,stone,sponge,homeowners,grout float,

More and more homeowners are experiencing the satisfaction of repairing their tile and grout. The high cost of labor for even small jobs, has driven people to the stores looking for tile, materials, products and information.

This is GREAT! Why shouldn’t homeowners learn to tile and grout?

I’ve seen many new homes with completed ceramic tile jobs that have made the hair on the back of my neck stand up in fright … especially tract homes where the bottom line for the developer is speed and corners to cut. So the more we learn about the different trades and the applications and techniques thereof, the better we will recognize a well performed and finished product to be proud of.

With this in mind, here are some grouting techniques to install in your memory banks for your next tile or stone job around the house.

Whether you have laid new tile or have scraped out the grout from an existing tiled area, make sure you clean the grout joints thoroughly and have taped off the areas you don’t want the grout to “spill over.” Wiping grout off of sealed cabinets and semi or glossy paints won’t hurt those materials if you use care when wiping, but sometimes a little labor invested in taping adjacent areas will make the job easier in the long run.

When the grout joints are clean and ready to fill; mix the powdered grout with clean water and according to the package specifications. The grout should be lump-free and a consistency that will not easily pour out of the bucket.

Use the appropriate grout for your application. A non-sanded grout should be used for grout joints that are 1/8″ and smaller in widths, while sanded grouts are to be used in joints which are larger. Typically you’ll find the smaller grout joints with the non-sanded grout in the bathroom and shower areas.

Use some latex gloves to protect your hands and with a grout float held at a 30-45 degree angle, spread the grout firmly into the grout joints. Don’t worry about the mess on the tiles as this will clean up with your sponge at the proper time. Some areas that are hard to float, you can force the grout into the joint by hand. When all the joints are filled completely, scrape the excess grout off the tiles by holding the float at an almost 90 degree angle and pulling diagonally across the joints so you don’t remove grout from the joints. Put all the remaining grout back in the bucket.

Allow the grout to set for about 10 minutes then with a clean bucket of water and grout sponge, lightly wipe the tiles with a damp sponge, (not a dripping sponge). Always wipe with a clean side of the sponge, flip the sponge over and wipe another section, then rinse the sponge clean. The initial sponging wipes most of the unwanted grout from the surface. The second sponging smoothes and neatens the joints and the third cleans the haze or residue from the tile. Always allow a few minutes between the three sponging cycles as this will allow the grout time to properly set. Remember, you don’t want water from the sponge to puddle on the grout as this weakens and deforms the consistency.

Lastly, a final wipe will smooth any remaining high spots in the grout joints and clean the tiles of the remaining haze. After the grout dries, you can polish the tile with cheesecloth or a soft cotton cloth to remove any remaining residue. Nice Job!

Nation Branding and Place Marketing – II. The Product

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What products do countries offer and market and how are they tailored to the needs of specific market segments?

II. The Product

What products do countries offer and market and how are they tailored to the needs of specific market segments?

In a marketing mix, the first and foremost element is the product. No amount of savvy promotion and blitz advertising can disguise the shortcomings of an inferior offering.

Contrary to entrenched misinformation, the role of marketing precedes the development of the product. The marketer gathers information regarding the expectations of the target market (the customers). In the case of a country, its clients are its citizens, investors (both foreign and domestic), tourists, export destinations, multilateral organizations (the international community), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and neighboring nations-states.

The marketer communicates to statal decision-makers what features and benefits does each of these disparate groups desire and suggests how to reconcile their competing and often contradictory needs, interests, preferences, priorities, and wishes.

The marketer or brand manager then proceeds to participate in the design of the country’s “products”: its branding and public relations campaigns both within and without its borders, its investment laws and regulations, the development and presentation of its tourist attractions, the trumpeting of the competitive or unique qualities of its export products, the tailoring and monitoring of its mutually-beneficial relationships with neighbors, NGOs, and international organizations.

In designing its “products” and, thus, in acquiring a brand name, a country makes use of and leverages several factors:

1. Natural Endowments

The country’s history, geographical location, tourism sites, climate, national “mentality” (hard working, forward looking, amicable, peaceful, etc.)

2. Acquired Endowments, Public Goods, and Externalities

Level of education, knowledge of foreign languages, quality of infrastructure, the court, banking, and public health systems

3. Risk Mitigation

International standing and the resolution of extant conflicts (political risk), the country’s laws, regulations, and favorable international treaties, its credit history, insurance available to investors and exporters

4. Economic Prowess

Growth promoting policies, monetary stability, access to international credit, the emergence of new industries

Governments can influence many of these factors. Granted, there is little they can do about the country’s past history or climate – but pretty much all the rest is up for grabs. Aided by input from its brand managers and marketers, a country can educate its population to meet the requirements of investors and exporters. It can improve infrastructure, reform the court system, pass growth-promoting laws, cut down red tape, support monetary stability, resolve conflicts with the international community and so on.

It is important to understand that the “products” and brand name of a country are not God-given, unalterable quantities. They can and should be tailored to optimize the results of the marketing and branding campaigns.

Maintaining the country’s brand name and promoting its products are ongoing tasks – not one off assignments. They require a constant infusion of financial and human resources to conduct research and development to evaluate the shifting sentiments of the country’s clients. States and regions are no different to corporate entities. They, too, must gauge and study their markets and customers at every turn and respond with alacrity.

Exactly like commercial outfits, political entities seek to extract a price for their offerings and products. Increasingly, the price they can obtain is settled by highly efficient global markets in perceptions, goods, and services. As competition stiffens and the number of state-players increases, the barriers to entry become more formidable.

PVC Roofing

By the way, if you’re looking for roofers in Dublin, check out Ace Roofing – they sponsor this blog!
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PVC Roofing System

Roofs play a major role in providing protection for building structures, its occupants and interiors from outside elements. The strength and durability of the roof materials should therefore be given much attention since leakages and roof failures can be quite devastating both to your homes and businesses. It would be prudent to invest in durable roofing materials that you can expect to last for decades or so. The extra money you probably spend on superior quality roofing materials can probably save you a lot of trouble in the future.

PVC roof sheets are one of the greatest technological advancement in the roofing industry. A combination of durability and functionality, PVC roofing materials are utilized by both industrial and residential structures all over the world. In fact, most sporting stadium across the globe use PVC roofing materials, from the Wimbledon tennis courts in England to the ice sports hall on the Munich Olympic Ground. Modern architects choose PVC roofing system mainly because of its durability. Among the earliest noteworthy achievements of PVC roofing is the Stade de France in Paris. The 60,000 square meter roof was built to host the 1998 World Cup.

The PVC materials can withstand extreme weather conditions, from hail to thunderstorms to the hurricanes that seem to rack the nation on a regular basis. Your roof materials should be able to endure the wrath of nature to liberate yourself from constant worry.

The PVC roofing materials are also virtually fireproof. This is quite an important element to consider in safeguarding not only your belongings but also the lives of the residents of any structure for that matter. PVC roofing materials are also resistant to corrosion, making it practically maintenance free for a long time. The reflective surface of PVC membrane can help reduce a building’s cooling requirements. Such feature would only mean a lower cost for your energy consumption.

This roofing system is marginally cheaper than other roofing materials in the market today. The fact that it is also inexpensive and lightweight makes it all the more popular for outdoor use. PVC roofing sheets also has the distinction of having the longest track record in terms of usage. Hence, you can be assured that experts through the years have tested the quality and durability of PVC materials. Along with TPO or thermoplastic polyolefin, the roofing system have been labeled by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as roofing products that can reduce energy consumption and reduce problems associated with heat build-up, smog and air pollution.

How To Give Your Room A Face-Lift Inexpensively!

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Looking for ways to improve your home’s appearance…without spending a fortune? Here’s how I gave our old family room a burst of color – without bursting our budget!

I was tired of looking at the same old earth tones in our family room. Everything seemed so “safe” and blah.

With winter storms blowing in every week, I wanted a fresh burst of spring! But I had to stay within a budget as we just finished up with holiday spending.

I browsed through Pier 1 Imports and…

Guest post today from Active Paving – Dublin patio specialistsfor many years.

home improvement,facelift,interior decorating,improve appearance,remodeling

Looking for ways to improve your home’s appearance…without spending a fortune? Here’s how I gave our old family room a burst of color – without bursting our budget!

I was tired of looking at the same old earth tones in our family room. Everything seemed so “safe” and blah.

With winter storms blowing in every week, I wanted a fresh burst of spring! But I had to stay within a budget as we just finished up with holiday spending.

I browsed through Pier 1 Imports and with great ease I collected a few colorful and well-made items and put those together to coordinate an outstanding new look for our family room that screamed “fresh and alive!” I began by removing the throw pillows that came with our sofas. I replaced them with bright gold pillows. I was just looking for a splash of color to brighten those sofas.

On the walls, I relocated a hanging clock and took down old tired pieces of artwork and replaced them with paintings with the same vibrant gold color to honor the new theme: new life! Pier 1 had some gorgeous silk florals on sale and I teamed them up with a handsome red hand blown glass vase for a stunning look.

Finally, I grouped a cluster of simple white glass candle holders of various sizes, inserted brand new scented yellow candles and the look was elegant, yet comfortable and new. For less than $150 I changed a tired room and gave it a clean, fresh new look.

That’s all we needed!

We didn’t need to paint, buy new furniture etc. It just needed a lift, and our spirits soared.

You don’t always have to think big when redecorating. Something as small as new throw pillows and new scattered throw rugs might be all you need.

Have fun!

Poly Foam Roofing

By the way, if you’re looking for roofers in Dublin, check out Ace Roofing – they sponsor this blog!
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Poly Foam Roofing

Having a roof made of poly foam material may not sound convincing to you. The truth is this poly foam roofing is popular only in hot climate region in the US like California. Homeowners living along the desert region will surely appreciate the benefits of poly foam roofing especially those that have flat roofs.

Polyurethane foam, a substance that is made of any polymer is the same substance that sealants, adhesives, and other synthetic-based materials are made of. Poly foam is not actually your main roofing material. It actually compliments the existing one regardless of type. Its main purpose is to insulate the substrate of roof so that heat is not trap. Poly foam is very expensive to install since in needs an expert to do the job, however there are companies, which specializes in poly foam roofing installation.

If you are bought to the idea, extra care is needed in contracting installer. Make sure that the contractor has a good standing reputation. Check for referrals if necessary. There are roofing contractors that offer a value-for-money poly foam installation. Make sure that it is adept at polyurethane foam roofing system. It has a proven track record, which is a must for roofing contractors. See to it that their personnel are well trained in this field, so you can trust them. You can be assured that what you have has high thermal resistance, seamless, lightweight and durable.

Poly foam is not difficult to maintain because it is so compact that makes it impossible for leakage. If there are any leaks, elastomeric coatings can be applied to the area to restore the material. Better still ask for advice from the company that installed your foam so that your foam will be treated carefully. Ask also if maintenance is part of the package, in that case you can save more.

The only drawback of this is when the foam is left exposed to the sun. The heat of the sun dries up the foam making it disintegrate into pieces. Before this happens, a good amount of coating is necessary to protect the foam from drying up. The pros recommend acrylic latex coating because it is affordable and easy to apply, besides it can be availed off the rack from your nearest shops.

If you must invest in foam roofing, you can ask actual experiences from the people you know in your area. You can gather more suggestion if it is worth spending and have better options. There is nothing like being careful in spending your money on foam roofing, after all a good investment in poly foam roofing is a good protection of your home.